Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg

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Emission-oriented management of land-based freight transports

Short description

In general, freight transports are evaluated based on transport costs and travel time. The environmental impact, however, is mostly externalized raising more and more critique in public and opening new fields for research. For instance, recent studies indicate that emission-oriented and cost-oriented planning of road transports lead to quite similar results. In contrast, multimodal transportation offers large potentials for emission reduction if (elctrified) highly utilized train transports with with short drayage are organized. W.r.t. climate protection, multimodal transportation offers advantages which will more and more compensate its disadvantages w.r.t. cost, swiftness, and flexibility.

In this project methods for managing unimodal and multimodal transport systems considering cost, time, and environmental objectives are to be developed and tested. Therefore, three consecutive systems for coordinating offered and requested transport services are developed:

  1. a request acceptance system which dynamically negotiates the service conditions (price, time, emissions),
  2. a planning system which allocates the total emissions of the used transport services to the served requests, and
  3. a spot-market system offering remaining transport capacities to a spot market.

This allows evaluating the environmental impact of multimodal transport solutions and estimating the effect of climate policy regulations. Furthermore, conditions are identifed under which the advantages and disadvantages of unimodal and multimodal transports can be realized. Finally, the impact of quantitative approaches in green logistics can be evaluated.

Talks & publications

  1. Behnke, M./Kirschstein, T./Bierwirth, C. (2021): A column generation approach for an emission-orientedvehicle routing problem on a multigraph, European Journal of Operational Research, 288(3), 794-809, Link   .
  2. Behnke, M./ Kirschstein, T./ Bierwirth, C. (2020): Balancing Cost and Emission Preferences of Heterogeneous Customers in a VRP, in Proceedings of the TSL Second Triennial Conference,   
  3. Behnke M. (2019): "Recent Trends in Last Mile Delivery: Impacts of Fast Fulfillment, Parcel Lockers, Electric or Autonomous Vehicles, and More", in: Bierwirth C., Kirschstein T., Sackmann D. (eds) Logistics Management. Lecture Notes in Logistics. Springer, Cham, DOI:   
  4. Behnke, M.: "CO2 emission allocation in freight transportation concerning customer preferences" EURO 2019, Dublin, 26.06.2019.
  5. Kirschstein, T.; Bierwirth, C. (2018): The selective traveling salesman problem with emission allocation rules, OR Spectrum, 40(1), 97-124, Link   , preview   .
  6. Kirschstein, T./Bierwirth, C.: Eco-efficiency labels as instruments for emission reduction in freight transportation, Meeting of the Scientific Commission "sustainability management", Augsburg, 05.10.2018
  7. Behnke, M.: "A Column Generation Approach for an Emission Minimizing Vehicle Routing Problem on a Multigraph" 29th European Conference on Operational Research, Valencia, 09.07.2018.
  8. Behnke, M.; Kirschstein, T.: The impact of path selection on GHG emissions in city logistics, Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 106 (2017), 320-336, Link   .
  9. Behnke, M.: "Emissionsorientiertes Transportmanagement" 19. Doktorandenworkshop Nordost (DoWoNo), Breklum, 11.05.2017.
  10. Behnke, M.: "Emission routing and pathway selection in urban areas" Doktorandenworkshop, Dresden, 20.10.2016.
  11. Behnke, M.; Kirschstein, T.; Bierwirth, C.: An emission-minimizing vehicle routing problem with heterogenuous vehicles and pathway selection, in: Operations Research Proceedings 2016, 285-291.
  12. Behnke, M.; Kirschstein, T.; Bierwirth, C.: An emission-minimizing vehicle routing problem with heterogeneous vehicles and pathway selection, Annual International Conference of the German Operations Research Society, Hamburg, 1.9.2016.
  13. Bierwirth, C.; Kirschstein, T.: The selective traveling salesmann problem with emission allocation rules. 28th EURO 2016 conference, 06.07.2016, Poznan
  14. Kirschstein, T; Bierwirth, C.: A selective traveling salesman problem with emission allocation rules, 9th Triennial Symposium on Transportation Analysis, Oranjestad,  13.06.2016.
  15. Kirschstein, T./Meisel, F.: GHG-emission models for assessing the eco-friendlinessof road and rail freight transports, Odysseus 2015 - 6th International Workshop on Freight Transportation and Logistics, Ajaccio, 5.6.2015
  16. Kirschstein, T./ Meisel, F. (2015): "GHG-emission models for assessing the eco-friendliness of road and rail freight transports", Transportation Research Part B: Methodology, 73, 13-33, DOI:10.1016/j.trb.2014.12.004    .

Project staff